Location: Great lakes region of central/East Africa.
Area: 26,338 sq. km;
Population: about 13 million (in 2017)
Capital – Kigali (est. pop. 1,000,000).
Other major cities: Muhanga, Huye, Musanze, Rubavu.
Terrain: Uplands and hills.
President: Paul Kagame
Prime Minister: Édouard Ngirente
Current constitution: 26 May 2003
Currency: Rwandan franc (RWF)
Time zone: UTC+2 (CAT)
Driving side: right
Calling code: +250
ISO 3166 cod RW
Internet TLD .rw
Kinyarwanda is the National language, while French, English and Swahili are official languages.
English is widely spoken throughout the country and mostly used as the business language
Religion: Christians 60%, Protestants 25% Muslims, 10%, Others 5%
Fractionally south of the Equator and with much of the country lying at altitude, Rwanda enjoys an agreeable tropical highland climate.
Money and currency:
Rwanda has strict environmental laws. The use of plastic bags (polythene papers) has been banned. Beware not to carry such since they will not be allowed into the country at the borders and airports checkpoints. Kigali is a clean and green city. You are expected to throw your litter in rubbish cans which are fitted all over. Walk along the provided foot paths. Do not step on the grass.
The morning of the last Saturday of every month is Umuganda or community service. This initiative was introduced by the Rwandan Government to get the entire population to devote some time to their local community by cleaning the streets, cutting grass verges, repairing dirt road and various other organised activities. International visitors are not required to participate, but some tour operators can organise opportunities for tourists to get involved. Most shops and transport are closed for the morning.
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